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Numerous reports have surfaced about a peculiar phenomenon where individuals receive phone calls from purported relatives claiming to be in urgent situations requiring immediate financial transfers. These scammers rely on artificial intelligence voice cloning techniques to accurately recreate the voices of targeted individuals, convincing their loved ones of the authenticity of the situation and the dire need for financial assistance. According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), multiple complaints have been received, totaling over 195 complaints regarding these fraudulent activities known as "grandparent scams". These scams have resulted in financial losses estimated at around $1.9 million from January to September 2023.
How to protect yourself from fraud with sound reproduction technology using artificial intelligence: tips and guidelines
Tips to protect yourself from AI audio reproduction fraud

How to protect yourself from fraud using AI in voice cloning?

With the increasing incidence of this type of fraud, individuals should look for effective ways to protect themselves and their families from falling into these traps. To help with this, we will review some tips and guidelines on best preventive practices that can be followed to reduce this annoying phenomenon.

Avoid answering calls from unknown numbers 

When dealing with calls from unknown numbers, it's advisable to avoid answering them directly. You have the option to decline the call when an unfamiliar number pops up on your screen, or you can wait until the ringing stops to make a well-informed decision.

By either ending the call or waiting, you provide the caller with an opportunity to leave a voicemail if there's something important they need to discuss. This enables you to manage communication with them at a time that suits you best. However, it's important to remain cautious of spoofed numbers that might seem familiar.

Certain scammers utilize spoofed numbers to deceive you, such as receiving a call that appears to be from a reputable institution like a bank, but in reality, it's cloned for fraudulent purposes.

If you receive a call from a familiar number and the caller requests a money transfer, and you sense something unfamiliar or suspicious, it's prudent to exercise caution and refrain from immediate action.

You can ask some questions to ensure that you do not fall into a scam 

When it comes to verifying authenticity, asking the right questions can make the difference between safeguarding yourself and falling into the trap of fraud. Have you ever considered how scammers exploit emotions to get your money?

Scammers employ various tricks to evoke fear and sympathy, making you susceptible to giving away money without thinking. It's crucial to be cautious and ask different questions to verify the identity of the caller.

Do you have the courage to ask the appropriate questions? Can you request the caller to end the call so you can reconnect with them? This step can reveal the true identity of the caller.

If the person requesting money is truly someone you know, they should be willing to wait to answer some questions or wait for you to reconnect. However, if the caller is a scammer, they might refuse to answer your questions or try to avoid reconnecting with you after a short period.

When recording your voice, try adding background noise to improve the recording quality 

Preserving the privacy of your voice involves using background noise during recording, which is a recommended practice. This method effectively prevents unfamiliar individuals from acquiring clear audio clips that replicate your voice. Scammers utilize advanced AI software to replicate voices, but recording your voice with background noise makes it significantly harder for them to create accurate clones.

Incorporating background noise is essential for any live stream, video, or podcast featuring your voice, especially when shared on social media platforms. If you're active on platforms like Twitch or YouTube, adjusting the game audio to a moderate level can further hinder scammers from obtaining pristine copies of your voice.
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